The doctoral dissertation of Hafiz Majid Hussain from LUT looks into the Energy Internet (EI), which means the usage of internet-enabled technologies to integrate multiple energy networks, such as electricity, distributed energy resources (DERs), and heat and gas networks.
According to Hussain, the large-scale penetration of DERs such as renewable energy resources, energy storage systems, and flexible loads enables the transformation of the electric power grid from a centralized network to a decentralized one, unlocking new opportunities for a green, sustainable, and cost-effective energy ecosystem.
“The goal of the Energy Internet is to enhance sustainable production and consumption and eliminate environmental harms caused by fossil fuels,” Hussain summarizes.
Hussain puts forward a basic foundation for the EI and investigates how to manage energy demand on residential fronts. He presents a detailed and systematic design for energy routers that make homes smarter and more energy efficient with the help of packetized energy management (PEM).
“The solution enables home owners to communicate with system operators and flexibly operate home appliances in order to save money, improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions,” Hussain says.
Ultimately, the EI is a digital breakthrough that enables multi-directional flows of renewable energy. It will connect millions of energy users, empowering them to participate in the electricity market in real time. As a result, it will impact socio-economic development, address environmental concerns, and eliminate energy poverty.
Glossary | Sanasto
|distributed energy resources
|packetized energy management